May 25, 2009

倫敦巴比肯中心

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Barbican Centre,倫敦一個很現代主義的藝術空間,是整個Barbican Estate的其中一部份,和周圍的高樓住宅群、博物館、學校、教堂、圖書館、行政機關等同時規劃完成。這樣的複合式空間,在英國不算多見,尤其是這麼龐大數量的集合式住宅。

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撇開這隻都市水泥大怪物不談(雖說它的建築也是很有年代意義),這個Barbican Centre是個值得造訪的藝術空間,它以音樂、戲劇表演為主,另有一個很棒的兩樓挑高展覽空間,每檔次幾乎都有高水準的展演,每次看完展,都讓人覺得"展覽就是該這麼展啊"。

此外,他們家電影院播映的片子,多半不是那些大紅大紫的商業片,頗值得參考。

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City of London指的是倫敦的西提區,非我們說的倫敦大城市

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大廳天花板也很現代主義的線條

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大廳裡的咖啡座和Bar,是個很不錯的會面聊天空間,無拘無束,愛坐多久都行,不點飲料應該也無妨。
看了兩個多小時的展覽後,坐下來歇歇腿,順道把看展的新鮮印記手寫下來,那一陣子剛好有什麼music festival,下午就有演出,大廳裡的音響也就播送著演奏廳裡的現場音樂,不時還有觀眾如雷的掌聲。FU實在讚哪!

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這是中場休息時間,聽音樂會的觀眾正在排隊等著買咖啡、買酒

2009041307.jpg
或者到戶外透透氣,原來愛自拍也是不分年齡的

2009041305.jpg

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無線上網的好地方

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幾分鐘後,人又全部塞進演奏廳了

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左邊的建築就是藝術中心,被住宅區環繞著

2009041312.jpg
一棟又一棟可怕的水泥叢林,住在這裡應該會找不到家在哪裡吧

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巴比肯地鐵站出口

由 mrs.turtle 發表於 May 25, 2009 04:20 PM
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20170823lck

liuchunkai 發表於 August 23, 2017 11:23 AM

翁振民,
I am so sorry...
這裡的照片無法提供您刊登使用喔!

mrs.turtle 發表於 December 19, 2010 11:33 PM

德朵夫人你好:

很喜歡你關於barbican centre的照片
正在寫一篇關於社會住宅的文章
將刊登於樂多新文創
不知是否能冒昧請你提供幾張照片供文章使用(會註明出處)

謝謝

翁振民 發表於 December 19, 2010 04:51 PM

Diego,
謝謝你的詳細說明啊~

mrs.turtle 發表於 June 7, 2009 03:50 PM

哈哈...話匣子打開了,就關不起來.拍謝拍謝.
如果你想住沒有太多多餘設施的住宅,有幾點可供參考:
1. 舊公寓新裝潢.當初法規的建蔽率低,公共設施少.
2. 一百戶以下的公寓.空地不多,建商預算少,搞不出花樣來.
3. 透天別墅型社區.這種的公共空間都拿來當車道或人行歩道.

Diego 發表於 June 4, 2009 02:22 PM

拍謝,剛剛寫的有點小筆誤.
所謂二次工程,是建商把房子蓋好,取得房屋使用執照(使照)之後,再度施工的項目.
這些二次工程都不是當初建造送審的項目,所以都是違建.

至於,為何建商要雞婆,多花錢去蓋這些既違建又耗公共水電的設施呢?
說穿了,還不是買房子的人自己想要的:有這些高檔設施,像是住在五星級的度假飯店裡,代表這是高級住宅.
建商推出這種高級集合住宅,全都賣光光,當然會繼續推出囉.
你覺得浪費錢,別人可不這麼認為喔.
當你看到住宅的門口大廳氣派豪華,管理員衣裝畢挺時,但可曾想過:這個豪華大廳,也是違建.
當初的建照裡面,這個大廳入口原本是設計為社區的聯外通道,經過後來的二次工程違建而成的.
建商不會那麼笨,既然要花錢,當然是很多人要買嘛.
就連判別人違建的法官,自己也喜歡住這種高級違建,只要別人不要去密告這棟集合住宅違建就好了.

集合住宅的管理費用是以坪為計價單位,和公共設施的多寡無關.

Diego 發表於 June 4, 2009 01:59 PM

法規的規定是:一塊完整的空地,只能有部分空地蓋房子(例如:60%),專業名詞叫建蔽率.而剩下的空地必須當成活動空間,這是為了避免建商把全部土地拿來蓋房子,降低住屋品質.

空地這麼多,為了增加銷售的賣點,所以建商就必須在這些空地上加值.普通的公寓就是種些花草樹木,高檔的就增加游泳池,健身房,三溫暖.然後在集合住宅外用圍牆圍起來,提供住戶私人使用.

但這些游泳池,健身房,三溫暖以及圍牆等等,都是違建,都是等拿到政府建造後,再次加工建造,有一個專業術語叫:二次工程,就是指這些違建工程.這些圍牆圍起來的空間在法令上都是公共空間,即使是非住戶也可使用.所以,國宅的中庭花園一定可以供大眾使用.

Diego 發表於 June 4, 2009 12:54 PM

Diego,
老實說以英國的集合住宅來說
國宅也通常伴隨著很多社會問題
能規劃完善的也不多
附近的氣氛也通常不太一樣

另有個問題
台灣的高樓公寓非得要有那些中庭花園、游泳池、健身房、圖書視聽室嗎
這是法規規定的嗎(糟糕~法規我全忘了)
我很想住在沒有任何多餘公共設施的大樓
因為使用率超低
還要每個月負擔這麼多管理費用、公共電費......
何必呢
但是應該不可能吧
說不定建商提出
還沒有人要買

mrs.turtle 發表於 June 4, 2009 12:28 PM

英國的這種規劃,很特別.如果在台灣的話,私人住宅和公共建設連在一起,不是被批評為圖利財團,就是真的在圖利財團.

建設公司開發的台灣人夢想中的集合住宅,不外乎是中庭花園、游泳池、健身房、圖書視聽室、哩哩扣扣的,然後外面用圍牆圍起來,都是違建.好像不會有英國這種型態的住宅區開發?山坡地的造鎮開發,偏向商場的規劃,不會是公共用途的開發,頂多捐一塊地,當成公園.

我想了想,能做這種開發的,大概只有政府國宅的開發案才有可能.問題是:無論是中央政府或縣市政府,都沒這個心思去思考國宅的附加價值,搞得國宅的品質低落.即使像文心路上的國宅,地段這麼好,還是一直養蚊子.大概是興建國宅跟政績無關,也比不上像貓纜那樣在山頂插幾根電線杆就可營運那麼容易.

Diego 發表於 June 4, 2009 04:40 AM

暴頭Yuki,
嗯嗯~很多時候
對於一個地方熟悉(or瞭解)之後
就會改觀了
所以常告訴自己
要有一顆願意嘗試和接納的心
世界真的會不一樣的喔
ps.這時候真羨慕住在倫敦的人啊~好多地方可以看哪

mrs.turtle 發表於 June 1, 2009 09:57 AM

在Barbican Center毕业了两次,每一次去那边都没什么感觉,觉得只是一个巨大无比的Brutalism Concrete森林
那天去了老柯的展览后,就在Barbican的周围到处溜达,突然喜欢上了这里...Barbican没有我想象中的灰,其实他到处隐藏着绿意
AHMM重新翻新过的新入口也使BArbican增添了不少活力

暴頭Yuki 發表於 June 1, 2009 01:25 AM

Diego,
1.3Q
2.看起來應該是住宅,這種很多,因為人家沒地震啊
3.英國人就喜歡昏黃的燈光,想要買亮一點的還買不到咧
4.這裡環境好,還有插頭,為什麼不呢?我也會啊
5.西低,整區同時規劃和興建。不過我對這裡的屋住環境不瞭解,不知道住戶是什麼樣的族群!?

mrs.turtle 發表於 May 27, 2009 03:24 PM

1. 看起來舊舊的建築物,在你相機下感覺氣勢磅礡。

2. 高樓是集合住宅,那棟踩在水溝裡的鳥啊腳建築物是啥用途?自從921看見倒了一堆鳥啊腳高樓,我對這種建築物特別有興趣。

3. 我對室內空間的照明有點好奇:天花板就哪幾盞藍、紫、紅燈而已,光線夠嗎?還有壞掉的咧。

4. 那個無線上網的女生,真的純上網嗎?專程背著三公斤的NB跑來這裡上網?

5. 你說:Barbican Centre,和周圍的高樓住宅群、博物館、學校、教堂、圖書館、行政機關等同時規劃完成。
我從照片看起來,住宅群和這些機關用地好像是連在一起的?
我的意思是說:私人住宅和公用建築是一體規劃興建的嗎?
如果是的話,還真特別。

Diego 發表於 May 26, 2009 05:48 PM

Dain,
這個地方不能叫"漂亮"吧~哈
不過是倫敦(或者說英國)建築頗具年代意味的代表物
值得一看

cindy,
是啊~倫敦的展覽
實在是精選中的精選
而且一年到頭都這麼精彩
害我總是疲於奔命啊

changbre,
從地鐵站走過來的空間
老實說實在很冷清、沒人性的感覺啊
這區塊裡是有蠻多細節可以觀察
不過每次看完展都快累垮了
還沒仔細的探查過

Tony,
約克也有名叫Barbican Centre的地方喔
不過性質應該不同!?
倫敦這裡是住宅區為主
好像國宅那種
整齊畫一的一棟又一棟

mrs.turtle 發表於 May 26, 2009 11:49 AM

這跟York的Barbican Centre差很多啊
York這邊的已經被用來養蚊子很多年了......
上一次的使用 應該是2007年初的Snooker比賽

Tony 發表於 May 26, 2009 07:15 AM

去了多次的Barbican Centre
直到今天看了照片, 才發現原來它有這樣美....
呵~ 有時候在週邊的平凡事務看久了
還是要透過第三者的眼光, 才有新體會呢!

changbre 發表於 May 25, 2009 06:20 PM

如果說倫敦有讓我流口水的地方, 其中一件就是建築和其展覽阿~~~~~~

cindy 發表於 May 25, 2009 05:32 PM

好漂亮,有空我也去看看!

Dain 發表於 May 25, 2009 04:51 PM
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